US govt. and indigenous sovereignty


Federal Government / Courts

1997: President's proclamation on 'American Indian Heritage Month'

1997: US Religious Freedom policies 
       Statement by President Bill Clinton and commentary from native activist.

1996: Text of Settlement Agreement - otherwise known as the "Accomodation
       Agreement"; mandates forced relocation of Dineh/Navajo peoples.
       An agreement between the US government and US-sponsored Hopi leaders.

1994: Robert Hagen vs. Utah
       Text of decision handed down by the U.S. Supreme Court favoring
       the State of Utah, overturning the Ute Tribe's injunction against
       U.S. seizure of Ute Reservation lands. Based on the Supreme Court's
       Order, the Ute Reservation was diminished and lands not "alloted"
       to the Tribe in 1905 are no longer considered part of the Ute
       Reservation. The State of Utah originally asked for ALL "Indian
       Country" and has until Sept. 29, 1997 to file yet another appeal
       asking for just that.

1989: Hearing before Select Committee on Indian Affairs, US Senate,
       on S. Con. Res. 76 - rhetorical acknowledgement of indigenous

1868: Fort Laramie Treaty
      1980: related Supreme Court decision
       According to Rebecca Michele Lord: "briefly, the Fort Laramie
       Treaty of 1868 stated that all the land in western South Dakota
       and huge portions of Wyoming and Montana would be Indian Land
       forever. The Supreme Court decision of 1980 upheld this treaty
       as valid but also awarded 'just compensation' in the form of
       money for the subsequent stealing of the Lakota Lands. The Lakota
       Nation has refused to accept the money maintaining that their
       Land was not and never will be for sale."
       Commentary on Fort Laramie Treaty issues:

1923: U.S. represses indigenous cultures

1704: Order in Council (Great Britain)
      re: Mohegan Indians v. Connecticut
       Crucial document in terms of understanding both past and present
       sovereigntist legal approaches.

Treaties between the United States and Kingdom of Hawai'i

1993: U.S. Public Law 103-150 1849: Treaty signed December 20, 1849 1826: Treaty signed December 23, 1826

Confederated Native Court Judgement

News & Commentary

Nov 23/98: Hawai'i apology-5 years ago today

Nov 20/98: Mohegan sues US, claiming Liberty Island

Oct 07/98: Religious doctrine & genocide-Burning papal bulls

Aug 06/98: Hawaiian Kingdom vs. United States

Feb 25/98: US court rules Alaska is not Indian country

Dec 18/97: Clinton sued by Hawaiian sovereigntist
               Petition for a Writ of Mandamus:
Dec 10/97: Alaska vs. Village of Venetie

Oct 12/97: Columbus Day 1997 = 505 years of resistance

Sep 23/97: Commemoration of Ruby Valley Treaty
Sep 22/97: US Senate kills Gorton's anti-treaty rider
Sep 04/97: Proposed riders threaten treaty rights

Sep 18/92: Indictment of US for genocide

Research Links

Aboriginal Law and Legislation

A watchdog for legislation in the U.S. Congress which may affect Native Nations. Excellent site.

Legislative Impact
Updates of all federal U.S. legislation, analysis, news clips, links to research materials, congressional scorecards, and more. A fee is charged to access the site, in order to pay for staff to keep the site running.

Native American Web Services (NAWEBS)
The 370 treaties ratified by the U.S. government, conveniently indexed by year, tribe, and place of signing.


This Week in "American Indian" History
A very thorough outline of significant events in relations between native nations and the U.S. government. Good historical context.

U.S. Congressional Documents & Debates, 1774-1873

US House of Representatives Internet Law Library

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