All That's Left is Struggle: Index

In 1995, two non-indigenous radio broadcasters with CFUV 102 FM, a community radio station at the University of Victoria, produced a series of interviews with indigenous sovereigntists. The series of interviews, collectively titled "Voices of Resistance", was transcribed in 1995 and reprinted as the magazine All That's Left is Struggle.

The text of the magazine has been reproduced for this website, with the permission of "Voices of Resistance" producers Chris Vance and John Shafer. The introduction to the magazine follows. Please respect the copyright as outlined in this introduction.


Simply put, sovereignty means minding your own business. Yet Canada, since its inception, has attacked the sovereignty of societies that were here before the Europeans.

Just as Canadians oppose becoming America's 51st state, many Native nations oppose becoming wards of the Canadian state.

The struggle for sovereignty involves us all, Native and non-Native peoples alike. An injustice to one is an injustice to all--and Canada has its own legacy of injustice and human rights abuses.

To step away from this "damaged history", Canada must recognize and respect Aboriginal sovereignty. The right to Aboriginal self-determination already exists in Canadian law, we need only the courage to accept change.

Inside, Indigenous people--from the Atlantic to the Pacific to the Arctic--explain their sovereignty.

As one speaker says, "Native people have always had a lot to say, and now ask: 'Are you listening?'"

The United Nations declared 1993 the International Year of Indigenous Peoples. If justice, peace, ecological sanity and survival mean anything to you, read on and act up against half a millenia of colonialism.

Remember: if you're Canadian, the genocide goes on in your name.


We have tried our best to provide the most accurate transcript of the series, but due entirely to our own human oversights, some mistakes are contained here.

Please consider the tapes the final authority as to what people exactly said. Tapes are available from CFUV Radio, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3035, Victoria, B.C., Canada.

Please also note that as much as we hope these words will reach as many people as possible, we also wish to ensure nobody's words are mis-quoted, or placed out of the speakers' intended context. We are thus proclaiming our copyright on the content of "Voices of Resistance," and hope your broadcast is one of entirety for the series (if not, then definitely for the individual person(s) aired). Lastly, we also encourage you to contact these people directly as we have only captured a fraction of what they experience and are struggling to change.

In Solidarity,

John Shafer
and Chris Vance


Bernard Ominayak - Lubicon Lake Cree

Harriet Nahanee - Elder, Pacheedaht Nation

Peter Knighton - Qwa-Ba-Diwa Nation

Lavina White - Elder, Haida Gwaii

Daniel Ashini - Innu Nation

Dacajewiah - League of Indigenous Sovereign Nations

Russell Kwasistala - Laichkwiltach Nation

The Raven and the Seagull

Protectors of Mother Earth: Canada's longest blockade

Bill Namagoose - James Bay Cree

John Williams - Lil'wat Nation

Milton Born-With-A-Tooth - Peigan Nation


Bring up issues of Aboriginal justice in environmental or social groups you may belong to. Track down knowlegable speakers from various Native viewpoints and ask them to speak at your meetings.

Also, write the Prime Minister and External Affairs Minister demanding they recognize Native sovereignty; you can reach them at:

The House of Commons
Ottawa, Ontario
Canada K1A 0A6

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